Trees & Shrubs

NATURE: Mammals ii  

The area is considered to be highly sensitive vertebrate habitat. The diverse habitats include the “Steep slopes and valleys” vegetation unit, “Arid bushveld on northern slopes” vegetation unit, some “Grassland with scattered woody outcrops” vegetation unit and “Acacia Thornveld in valley bottom” vegetation unit. The habitat types contain highly suitable habitat for 42 Red Data mammal species, 30 Red Data bird species and 3 Red Data reptile species.

The assessment and report on the vertebrate fauna done by Ecocheck Environmental Services, indicates the following: “Ecologically sensitive development within the transformed areas, and the ecologically sensible management of the highly sensitive areas of the study area can help with the conservation of the fauna and flora of the Sekhukhuneland Centre of Endemism. Such types of ecologically sensible developments that contribute to the holistic conservation attempts of natural areas outside of formally protected areas should be encouraged.”

Due to diversity of the Eco Reserve habitat a substantial number of African mammals will be found on the reserve.


The patch-selective feeding spectrum of Southern African herbivores means that different animals will be found in different areas. The following herbivores will be encountered:


Blesbok, Damaliscus dorcas
Burchell's zebra, (bontkwagga) Equus burhelli
Bushbuck, Tragelaphus scriptus
LDuiker: common, (duiker) Sylvicapra grimmia ,
Duiker: red, (rooiduiker) Cephalophus natalensis
Eland, Taurotragus oryx
Gemsbok, Oryx gazella
Giraffe, Giraffa camelopardalis
Grey Rhebok, (vaalribbok) Pelea capreolus
Hartebeest: red, Alcelaphus buselaphus
Impala, (rooibok) Aepyceros melampus
Klipspringer, Oreotragus oreotragus
Kudu, Tragelaphus strepsiceros
Mountain reedbuck, (rooiribbok) Redunca fulvorufula
Nyala, Tragelaphus angasii
Oribi, extremely rare and endangered. (oorbietjie) Ourebia ourebia
Reedbuck, Redunca arundinum
Rhinoceros: white, Ceratotherium simum
Springbok, Antidorcas marsupialis
Steenbok, Raphicerus campestris
Waterbuck, Kobus ellipsiprymnus
Wildebeest: blue, Connochaetes taurius


Hedgehog, (krimpvarkie) Atelerix frontalis
Bushbaby – Lesser, (nagapie) Galago Moholi ,
Bushbaby – Thick-tailed, (Bosnagaap) Otelemur crassicaudatus
Chacma Baboon, (Kaapse bobbejaan) Papio ursinus
Vervet monkey, (blouaap) Cercopithecus aethiops
Rock Dassie, Procavia capensis
Antbear, (erdvark) Orycteropus afer
Bushpig, (bosvark) Potamochoerus porcus
Pangolin, (itermagog) Manis temminckii
Scrub Hare, (kolhaas) Lepus saxatilis
Tree Squirrel, (boomeekhoring) Paraxerus cepapi
Spring Hare, Pedetes capensis
Porcupine, (ystervark) Hystrix africaeaustralis
Warthog, (vlakvark) Phacochoerus aethiopicus

Buffalo , Tsessebe (basterhartbees), Roan (bastergemsbok) and Sable (swartwitpens) antelope will be introduced in due course. Elephant, Hippopotamus and Black Rhinoceros are not present on the reserve.


Although not commonly encountered a large number of carnivores are present. The following carnivores have been encountered:

Black-backed Jackal, (rooijakkals) Canis mesomelas
Cape Clawless Otter, (groototter) Aonyx capensis
Spotted-necked Otter, (kleinotter) Lutra maculicollis
Honey badger, (ratel) Mellivora capensis
Striped polecat (stinkmuishond), Ictonyx striatus
African Civet, (Afrikaanse siwet) Civettictus civetta
Genet Small-spotted, (kleinkolmuskejaatkat) Genetta genetta
Genet Large-spotted, (rooikolmuskejaatkat) Genetta tigrina
Mongoose –Yellow, Slender, White-tailed, Banded, Dwarf, Water, Banded & Dwarf, (witkwas-, swartkwas-, witstert-, kommetjiegat, gebande en dwergmuishonde)
Aardwolf, Proteles cristatus
Brown Hyena, Hyaena brunnea
Leopard, (believed to be the home of the only black leopard in the country), Panthera pardus
Caracal (rooikat), Felis caracal
Serval (tierboskat), Felis serval
African wild cat (Vaalboskat), Felis lybica
A Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus) pack has been spotted in the area, so with some extreme luck you might see them. Unfortunately you will not see cheetah, Spotted Hyena or Lion, - well you're not supposed to, but if you do, please let us know.

Suitable habitats occur in the study area for the following red data mammal species in order:

Scientific name, Common name , Conservation status, Suitability of habitat

Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Ourebia ourebi, Oribi , Endangered , Medium
Raphicerus sharpie, Sharp's Grysbok , Near Threatened, Medium

Order: Carnivora
Family: Hyaenidae
Hyaena brunnea, Brown Hyaena , Near Threatened, Confirmed
Family: Felidae
Leptailurus serval, Serval , Near Threatened, Confirmed
Family: Mustelidae
Lutra maculicollis Spotted-necked Otter , Near Threatened, High
Mellivora capensis Honey Badger , Near Threatened, Confirmed
Poecilogale albinucha, African Weasel , Data deficient, High
Family: Herpestidae
Rhynchogale melleri Meller's Mongoose , Data deficient, High

Oder : Chiroptera
Family: Hipposideridae
Cloeotis percivali, Short-eared Trident Bat , Critically Endangered , High
Hipposideros caffer Sundevall's, Leaf-nosed Bat , Data deficient, High
Family: Pteropodidae
Epomophorus gambianus crypturus, Gambian Epauletted Fruit Bat , Data Deficient, High
Family: Vespertilionidae
Miniopterus schreibersii Schreibers', Long-fingered Bat , Near Threatened, High
Myotis tricolor Temminck's Hairy Bat , Near Threatened, High
Myotis welwitschii Welwitsch's Hairy Bat , Near Threatened, High
Kerivoula lanosa Lesser Woolly Bat , Near Threatened, High
Pipistrellus rusticus Rusty Bat , Near Threatened, High
Family: Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus clivosus Geoffroy's, Horseshoe Bat , Near Threatened, High
Rhinolophus darlingi Darling's Horseshoe Bat , Near Threatened, High
Rhinolophus fumigatus, Rüppell's Horseshoe Bat , Near Threatened, High
Rhinolophus hildebrandtii, Hildebrandt's Horseshoe Bat , Near Threatened, High

Oder : Insectivora
Family: Chrysochloridae
Amblysomus hottentotus Hottentot's Golden Mole , Data Deficient, High
Amblysomus robustus Robust Golden Mole , Endangered , High
Neamblysomus gunningi Gunning's Golden Mole , Endangered , High

Family: Erinaceidae
Atelerix frontalis South African Hedgehog , Near Threatened, High

Family: Soricidae
Crocidura cyanea Reddish-grey Musk Shrew , Data Deficient, High
Crocidura flavescens Greater Musk Shrew , Data Deficient, High
Crocidura fuscomurina Tiny MuskShrew , Data Deficient, High
Crocidura hirta Lesser Red Musk Shrew , Data Deficient, High
Crocidura mariquensis Swamp Musk Shrew , Data Deficient, High
Crocidura silacea Lesser Greybrown Musk Shrew , Data Deficient, High
Myosorex cafer Dark-Footed Forest Shrew , Data Deficient, High
Myosorex varius, Forest Shrew , Data Deficient, High
Suncus infinitesimus Least Dwarf Shrew , Data Deficient, High
Suncus lixus Greater Dwarf Shrew , Data Deficient, High
Suncus varilla Lesser Dwarf Shrew , Data Deficient, High

Order: Macroscelidea
Family: Macroscelididae

Elephantulus brachyrhynchus, Short-snouted Elephant-shrew , Data Deficient, High

Order: Pholidota
Family: Manidae
Manis temminckii Pangolin , Vulnerable, Confirmed

Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Dasymys incomtus, Water Rat , Near Threatened, High
Grammomys dolichurus Woodland Mouse , Data Deficient, High
Lemniscomys rosalia Single-striped Mouse , Data Deficient, High
Mus neavei Thomas' Pygmy Mouse , Data Deficient, High
Tatera leucogaster Bushveld Gerbil , Data Deficient, High

Family: Myoxidae
Graphiurus platyops Rock Dormouse , Data deficient, High